An Arnaut in Cairo by Jean-Léon Gérôme,19th century

Arnaut (Ottoman Turkish: ارناود‎) is a Turkish ethnonym used to denote Albanians. Historically as an exonym the Turkish term Arnaut has also been used for instance by some Western Europeans as a synonym for Albanians that were employed as soldiers in the Ottoman army. In modern Turkish Arnavutluk refers only to the Republic of Albania.